That chronic health condition where people cannot control the way they search for and make use of drugs irrespective of the fact that this can damage their health and alter their mental state forever is called Drug addiction. These alterations in the brain can cause dangerous behaviour in a person who uses drugs. It's also easy to relapse back into drug addiction. Relapse is the reoccurrence to drug use after an endeavour to stop.
The way to drug dependence starts with the wilful act of using drugs. With time, the user is unable to stop voluntarily the need to use the drug. The need to obtain and consume the drug becomes a driving force. This unrelenting craving results from the effects of the drug on the brain over time. Dependency affects regions of the brain that are involved in learning and memory; motivation and reward; and command over behaviour.
Dependency is an illness that affects behaviour and the brain.
Can Substance Dependency Be Treated?
It isn't easy, but, yes, drug addiction is treatable. Since addiction is a chronic ailment, individuals can't just quit utilizing drugs for a couple days and be treated. Most users require repeated or long-term care to quit using it altogether and get their lives back.
Dependency treatment must assist the individual to achieve the following:
Stopping to require using the drug
Resuming their responsibilities at home, workplace and community
Values Of Successful Rehabilitation
These principles must be involved, if any efficient treatment program must be arrived at, as opined by several scientific researches since mid-1970s:
Dependency is an intricate, but treatable illness which affects the functioning of the brain and behaviour.
No exclusive treatment is correct for everybody.
Easy access to rehab is of utmost importance.
To be successful, the treatment plan should not focus on the addiction only but the whole person.
Adhering to treatment sufficiently long is critical.
The most common forms of treatment are behaviour therapies like counselling.
A crucial part of treatment is medication, particularly when combined with behavioural therapy.
Treatment procedures must be measured frequently and altered to fit the patient's evolving needs.
Treatment should deal with other potential mental disorders.
The first step during treatment involves detoxification that is overseen by medical personnel.
Involuntary treatment for addiction can also be effective.
Drug usage amid treatment must be observed constantly.
The treatment programs must ensure that patients are tested for tuberculosis, hepatitis B and C, HIV/AIDS, and other infectious ailments, while they should also be informed about the best way to avoid contacting those.
How Drug Dependency Is Treated?
Effective treatment consists of several steps:
medical detoxification, when the body physically rids itself of the drug
medication (for tobacco, alcohol or opioid dependency)
evaluation and treatment for mental health issues like anxiety and depression that co-occur with addiction
Avoiding relapse by providing long term follow up care
Using a wide range of treatments tailored to the needs of the patient is a key to success.
Both medical and mental health treatment should be utilized as needed. Often, community or family based recovery groups or support systems are used as part of follow up care.
How Are Medications Used In Drug Addiction Treatment?
Administered under professional supervision, prescription medicines are used to help the patient ease into a life without the effects of the drug, stop cravings and manage associated ailments.
Withdrawal During a detox, medication can assist in suppressing withdrawal symptoms. Detoxification is just the very first step in the process and not "treatment" in itself. Patients normally go back to the use of drugs if their treatment is not continued after detoxification. According to a study, 80% of detoxifications used medications (SAMHSA, 2014).
Preventing Relapse Medicines used in the detoxing programme help the brain to restore to its normal functions easier and stop the desire for the drug. Various medicines are used for narcotics (pain killers), tobacco (nicotine) and alcohol dependency. Researchers are creating different solutions to manage stimulant (cocaine, methamphetamine) and cannabis (marijuana) dependence Users of multi drugs to fully recover must be treated for each one.
What About Behavioural Therapies And Drug Addiction
Behavioural therapies assist a patient to:
Change their mindset and conduct towards taking drugs
Upturn healthy life abilities
carry on with other kinds of treatment, like medication
The settings upon which patents can access their treatments and the approaches used varies.
Outpatient treatment is an option where a wide range of programs are available for patients who continue to visit behavioural health professionals regularly. Personal or group drug counselling or both of them are included in majority of the programs.
Different types of behavioural therapy are dished out by these programs, and they include:
Cognitive behavioural therapy, which teaches patients how to recognize, avoid, and deal with any situation that will make them more likely to use drugs
multidimensional family therapy - designed for teenagers suffering drug addiction and their relatives - which considers several factors that contribute to their drug addiction, with the intention of affecting the functioning of the family in a positive manner
motivational interviewing, which gets most of the addicts disposed to work on their behaviour and commence treatment
Motivational impetuses (possibility management), which utilizes uplifting feedback to support restraint from medications
Treatment is at times strenuous initially, where a patient attends many outpatient sessions weekly. With the detox behind them, the patient is then able to start standard treatment regime coming in for therapy a few hours weekly to make sure they do not relapse.
For people with problems of high severity (plus co-occurring disorders), residential or inpatient programs will have better effects. 24-hour planned and organised care system, coupled with proper medical care and safe housing are given in residential treatment facilities that are licensed. An inpatient treatment facility can make use of different therapeutic approaches and they are usually aimed at assisting patients to lead a substance-free, crime-free life after completing the treatment.
Residential treatment setting samples:
A therapeutic community that is a very structured programme in which a patient stays at a residence, usually for 6 months to a year. The whole community, everyone from the staff to the patients in recovery, act as agents of change, helping to change every patient's attitude, understanding, and behaviour toward drug use.
Also available are short blood cleansing programmes offered at the residential facilities to rid the body of drugs and set the foundation for a longer treatment programme.
Recovery housing that offers supervised, short-term accommodation for a patient, frequently after other kinds of inpatient/residential treatment. The recovery housing programme provides a bridge for the patients between the long term inpatient facility and re-joining the society; patients are helped to prepare for life on the outside by enabling them to look for jobs and learn how to take care and budget their money.
Problems Of Re-Admission
Drug misuse changes the capacity of the mind and numerous things can "trigger" drug longings inside the brain. Patients at a residential rehab centre or a prison facility when undergoing treatment are taught how to tell what drives them to take drugs, how to avoid and also cope with those things once they re-join society.