A sign is something others, like the doctor, see, whilst a symptom is something that the patient discerns and explains. For instance, drowsiness might be a symptom while dilated pupils might be a sign.
Dependence on a substance - the person who is addicted to a substance like alcohol or drugs loses the ability to decide when to use and when not to use such. Though these may be dangerous to them, they go ahead with alcohol consumption (the possible dangers may or may not be clear to the person)
Uncontrollable urge could be occasioned by dependence on a substance. The fanatic might need to surrender (quit), yet discovers it to a great degree hard to do as such without offer assistance.
The signs and symptoms of substance reliance change as indicated by the individual, the substance they are dependent on, their family history (hereditary qualities) and individual conditions.
These are some of the possible signs and symptoms of alcohol addiction:
The individual takes the substance and can't stop - as a rule, for example, nicotine, liquor or drug dependence, at least one genuine endeavour was made to surrender, however unsuccessfully.
Withdrawal side effects - when body levels of that substance go beneath a specific level the patient has physical and disposition related manifestations. There are desires, episodes of grouchiness, awful temper, poor concentration, a sentiment being discouraged, purge, disappointment, outrage, severity and disdain.
The person may also develop a voracious appetite. Another common symptom of withdrawal is insomnia. Sometimes the individual may have constipation or diarrhoea. Depending on the drug, some will cause the person to be aggression, shivering, convulsions, delusions and perspirations.
Even with the knowledge that health problems exist, addiction continues - The person keeps taking the substance on a regular basis, even though negative health problems are becoming apparent. A case in point is when a smoker will continue to smoke even with a diagnosis of lung or heart disease.
Social as well as recreational sacrifices - a few exercises are surrendered due to a dependence on something. Example is a smoker turning down a meeting with friends in an environment that is smoke free or an alcohol addict refusing to attend a profitable social gathering that does not involve alcohol.
Keeping stock - Addicts always stock up on drugs to make sure they have a decent supply even if it costs more than they can afford. They will cut on house spending to buy the drugs.
Dangers of Addiction (1) - An addict may go to any lengths including risking their lives by stealing or prostituting to get money or drugs.
Dangers of Addiction (2) - When the addict is on the drug, they may take bold actions like over speeding.
Managing issues - a dependent individual usually feels they require their drug to manage their issues.
Obsession - a dependent individual may invest increasingly time and energy concentrating on methods for getting hold of their substance and sometimes how to utilise it.
Serenely and isolation - much of the time the addict may take their substance alone and even in mystery.
Denial - majority of the present day addicts do not accept that they have a problem. Either they do not realise or outright deny they have a problem.
Overindulgence - With some substances like alcohol, some types of drugs and cigarettes, the addict may take too much at a go. The results of over-indulgence could be memory loss or physiological issues like respiratory infections or a chronic cough as experienced by chain smokers.
Dropping diversions and exercises - as the compulsion advances the individual may quit doing things he/she used to appreciate a considerable measure. Some smokers who will discover that it is no longer easy for them to cope with the physical demands of their favourite sports may also resort to this.
Hoarding - Some will hide small amounts of the drugs in places others may not suspect in house, office or car.
Taking a large initial dose - this is usually a problem with alcohol addiction. The person my down drinks in an attempt to become intoxicated and then feel great.
Having problems with the law - many of the drug and alcohol addicts(except nicotine) suffer this problem. This can be because being on the substance impairs the user's judgement and they engage in risk taking behaviour or because the addict breaks the law to get a hold of the substance.
Budgetary troubles - if the substance is costly the dependent individual may yield a considerable measure to ensure its supply is secured. Even cigarettes that in certain places, like the United Kingdom, regions of Europe and the United States of America cost more than '11 just for a packet of twenty cigarettes - someone who smokes 40 a day in such a place will have to spend '660 per month, almost '8,000 annually.
Relationship issue; these are more normal in drug/liquor fixation.
A person, because they indulge in alcohol or drugs may exhibit some or all of the above symptoms and not be certified addicts, but they will not display any of the withdrawal symptoms or the associated craving.