There are many drugs which are used in addiction treatment programs to relieve withdrawal side effects and decrease the chances of relapse. Using additional medication can help the patient stay sober. Intensive and most severe withdrawal symptoms cause many to go back to taking drugs. Medicines for addiction medical care can be prescribed as a segment of an inpatient or outpatient rehabilitation program. In order to provide the best possibility of accomplishing sobriety, doctors might adapt medication doses during the progress of treatment.
Some medicines give the same feeling as the drug of abuse thus helping one cope with the withdrawal.
Detoxing And Withdrawal
During the first steps of recovery, the system must remove the drugs from itself. This is cleansing or detox. Based on the drug, the detoxification process can last from several days to several weeks.
The real challenge for the patient is coping with the terrible withdrawal symptoms. Depending on the patient's past drug or alcohol use the withdrawal symptoms will vary. The most terrible signs are appeared in the case of those who have been using the drugs for longer period of time with high dosage.
There are many uncomfortable symptoms that may be experienced during this stage of recovery. These are some side effects:
Aches in the muscles
Each type of a withdrawal symptom has a different treatment medicine. In detox, physicians may prescribe drugs such as:
For stress and irritability reduction.
Anxiety is a prevalent withdrawal side effect from a lot of Opiates, such as Cocaine and Heroin.
Alcohol withdrawal symptoms can also be eased by the sedative effect of Benzodiazepines.
This drug is also addictive so is prescribed with caution.
With no drugs, an addict can't develop natural quantities of joy- generating chemicals in their brain.
When they stop taking the drugs, these people go through dejection and feelings of hopelessness.
To avoid such feelings till the time the brain itself starts producing happiness-inducing chemicals, Zoloft and Prozac (antidepressants) should be used.
Clonidine is prescribed for treating alcohol and opiate-related withdrawal symptoms; it gives relief by reducing the intense perspiring, muscle spasms, body pains and stress.
Additionally, Clonidine can put an end to tremors and convulsive attack.
People recovering from alcohol, Valium or Xanax addiction should never try to quit on their own since detoxing from alcohol or benzodiazepines can lead to death. Other drugs withdrawal symptoms are less deadly, but it is good to take caution as there are always risks. Detox should be carried out with medical help from professionals.
Talk to someone who can help you if you are going through addiction problem.
Making wrong use of alcohol on a normal basis for a long-term can extend withdrawal side effects, which could last from weeks to months. This event is known as post-acute or prolonged withdrawal syndrome (PAWS).
Maintenance treatment can alleviate PAWS and can curb cravings or make the addict incapable to take alcohol. Patient take these tablets every day.
Such medications for treating alcohol dependency are:
Naltrexone has the ability to impasse receptors that generates the feeling of content with alcohol in the brain.
In addition, it keeps in control the craving to drink.
Nausea or headaches can be caused by Naltrexone.
It can be given via injection once every four weeks.
This medicine alleviates emotional and physical pain resulted by alcohol addiction.
Recovering alcoholics may begin taking Acamprosate once the detoxification is completed.
Acamprosate works by eliminating the worse feelings of nervousness and hopelessness that results in lessening the desire to drink.
The first drug to be approved for treatment of alcohol addiction was Disulfiram.
Side effects like vomiting are likely to occur if a person taking Disulfiram takes alcohol.
Recovering users do not want to take alcohol when they are on disulfiram because they feel sick if they do.
Familiarize yourself with available treatments for alcohol dependency.
Treatment Medicine For Heroin And Opiate Addiction
Drugs in the opiate group are Heroin, Morphine and narcotic painkillers like Oxycontin. Opiate and Heroin medications helps the person in fighting against hunger and withdrawal signs. Opiate and Heroin are available in tablet forms.
There withdrawal times are less than a week. There are also many who take long before overcoming the symptoms. Withdrawal symptoms can last for months or even years for some people. To completely stop the urges to take drugs and the PAWS, it helps to be on replacement medicines for an extended period. Medication can be taken for as long as is required by the patient.
Medicines used to treat Heroin and pain relief addictions include:
Opiate addiction from moderate to severe can be prescribed Methadone.
It works by fusing to the same receptors in the brain as Heroin and painkillers, however Methadone does not get the addict high.
Methadone helps to suppress cravings and withdrawal symptoms.
Because Methadone also has the capacity to cause addiction, it is usually prescribed cautiously.
The medication is dispensed daily to prevent abuse.
Additional Facts about Methadone.
Buprenorphine is less potent than Methadone though it works on the same principles, it is not as highly controlled.
This medication can often be taken at home without having to go to the centre each day.
Naltrexone is for both opiate addiction and alcohol addiction.
It helps to reduce cravings.
Since alcohol and opiates stimulate some of the same receptors in the brain, naltrexone can work for both addictions.
Detoxing And Rehab
Drug addicts when they want to stop addiction sometimes will choose to detox without medical supervision. Home detox can be harder and more dangerous than attending a rehab centre. You can become sober once again through medical detox in relaxed surroundings. Medical detoxification is necessary for people dependent on alcohol or Benzodiazepines.
Treatment for any substance addiction should start with medically supervised detoxification.
Health complications are avoided in a medical detox program. The treating therapist monitors a rehab patient's vital signs like pulse, temperature, breathing rate and fluid levels in a medically supervised treatment. Medical staff are on hand to make the patient as comfortable as possible. Depending on what the patient needs, the doses for their medication can be changed accordingly and plans can also be made for long term treatment.
Medical detox is for anyone facing health problems. Problems such as high blood pressure can be worsened by detoxification. Doctors can spot impending problems and treat them early.
In residential rehabilitation, detoxification is always part of the program. Residential rehabilitation can last for between 30 and 90 days in many cases. The primary week is of carefully monitored detoxification. Rehab includes behavioural therapy to give the patient a better chance to understand how they can stay sober.
Look for a rehab centre offering medically supervised detox for your friend, relative or yourself call 0800 772 3971.